HomeBiographyDr. APJ Abdul Kalam Short Biography | Famous Scientists

Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam Short Biography | Famous Scientists

Short Biography on Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam

Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam, a great aerospace scientist was appointed as the eleventh President of India in 2002. He is known as the ‘Missile man of India.’

He was born on 15th October 1931 at Dhanushkodi in Rameshwaram, Tamil Nadu. He was one of the many children of a middle-class Tamil Muslim family. He inherited honesty, self-discipline, and deep kindness from his parents.

Dr. Kalam completed his schooling in Rameshwaram and then attended St. Joseph’s College in Tiruchirapalli. In 1958 he passed his engineering in aeronautics from the Madras Institute of Technology.

He joined Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO). Then he moved to Indian Space Research Organization in 1962. Along with his team, he successfully launched many satellites. He was instrumental in developing India’s first Satellite Launch Vehicle (SLV III), which launched Satellite Rohini in 1980.

Later Dr.Kalam returned to DRDO as in charge of India’s Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme. He designed and developed India’s two guided missiles Agni and Prithvi.

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In 1992 he was appointed Principal Scientific Adviser to the Defense Minister. During this period Pokhran II nuclear tests were conducted in 1998.

Dr. Abdul Kalam was elected the President of India on 18th July 2002. He is a great visionary and has chalked out many development plans for our country. He is a most informal person, so people easily identify with him. He is very fond of small children and gives them a lot of importance as well as pays attention to their problems. Dr.Kalam pays equal respect to all religions.

Dr. Kalam has penned many books and his autobiography Wings of fire’ is a best seller. He plays Rudra Veena and also composes poems for all occasions. Besides innumerable scientific awards, he has been also honored with Padma Bhushan in 1981, Padma Vibhushan in 1990, and Bharat Ratna in 1997.


Q1. Full name of apj abdul kalam ?
Ans. Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam

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Q2. When was Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam born?
Ans. 15 October 1931

Q3. Which island is named after Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam?
Ans. Wheeler Island, Odisha

Q4. Who is the father of missile?
Ans. Dr. apj abdul kalam



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